The Eden Project is located in Cornwall, England and is the third most popular place of interest in the UK with one million and half visitors in first year. Inside the artificial biodomes are plants that are collected from all around the world. Some of the James Bond movie, Die Another Day, were filmed in the grounds of the Eden Project.
The Eden Project includes environmental education focusing on the interdependence of plants and people; plants are labelled with their medicinal uses. The massive amounts of water required to create the humid conditions of the Tropical Biome, and to serve the toilet facilities, are all sanitised rain water that would otherwise collect at the bottom of the quarry. The only mains water used is for hand washing and for cooking. The complex also uses Green Tariff Electricity – the energy comes from one of the many wind turbines in Cornwall, which were among the first in Europe.
Work began on the Eden Project in February 1999 and the doors to the full site first opened to the public on 17 March 2001. n the autumn of 1998, work started on collecting the plants which would eventually be housed in the Eden Project’s biomes. At the same time as collecting the plants, work was constantly in progress on the temporary greenhouses which would house the plants before their transfer to the Eden Project. This temporary home for the plants grew to occupy a whole acre of land at Watering Lane Nursery, Pentewan, Cornwall.
On 25 September 2000, the huge operation of planting on site began. Some plants were so large they required cranes to put them in position. After three months, planting in the Humid Tropics biome was complete and work concentrated on the underground and over ground infrastructure, lighting, heating, watering systems and much more.
At the same time, a massive 85,000 tonnes of soil was being created and transported onto the site. Opening day was looming and the worst Cornwall winter occurred with more than 100 continuous days of rain.
The Eden Project now has over 130,000 plants with more than 3,500 species but it will never be complete. Work is already going on to feature an exhibition on site to reflect the effects of global warming.